Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Reading Hospital home to a 647-bed acute care hospital located in West Reading, Pennsylvania, and Reading Health Rehabilitation Hospital, a facility in Spring Township, featuring a 50-bed skilled nursing unit and a 62-bed inpatient rehabilitation unit. They also provide office-based primary and specialty care through Reading Health Physician Network, in-home nursing care through Affilia Home Health, and retirement living through The Highlands at Wyomissing. An extensive network of outpatient services are provided through offices and QuickCare walk-in centers throughout the region.They serve most of Berks County Pennsylvani and West Reading. The Reading Hospital was rated number 24 out of 250 of the best hospitals in Pennsylvania accordingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦How does the hospital keep a record of all of its patients? According to Stacy Adam, the medical records manager, Reading Hospital uses an Electronic Medical Record system called EPIC. It is made by EPIC Systems. To ac cess records on the EPIC system, an employee has to be trained on the EPIC system and then they receive their user name and password. There are different access profiles and trainings, but anyone that is going to work there and needs access to the EPIC system needs to be trained first in order for a trainer to reveal the user name and password. (Ã¢â¬Å"Adam, S.Ã¢â¬ ) To the left, is a sample of what it looks like when EPIC is in use. EPIC is a tool for many staff within the hospital from nurses, physicians, administrators, to support services. But, that is not all. According to Adam, some of the administrators use the information but may not have direct access to it, so they rely on others to get them the information that they need through reports and statistics. Some supports services in the hospital, such as Quality Improvement, Care Management, Risk Management, Chaplaincy, and the Business Office, all use the health information in some way. Insurance Companies use the health information to audit and pay for services rendered at the hospital. Attorneys and police also request information from them to conduct a legal investigation. Other health care facilities sometimes need health information to care for a
Friday, May 15, 2020
Social-Norms: Conformity of a Society around Corruption ZeAjiah B. Mooney Brevard College Abstract Since 1935, The United States required and issued drivers-licenses. At that time very few states required driverÃ¢â¬â¢s test because cars during the early 1900Ã¢â¬â¢s were simpler and traffic laws had not been enforced as much as they are currently. Decades later, car and driving technology improved, which required drivers to have more intellect on safe-driving. Studies have not directly linked social-norms to driving behavior, but they have been able to link driving habits to environments. Social norms consist of increasing interest to public policy experts and those conducting behavior change interventions (e.g. safe driving, recycling). While there is agreement that social norms play a central role in explaining behavior, such consensus is lacking when it comes to explaining the process through which this occurs. Social-Norms: Conformity of a Society around Corruption One of the main questions psychologist have is what a specifically makes a certain behavior a social norm. McLeod (2008) classified social norms to be un-written rules on human-behavior. Because these rules are unwritten, it is almost impossible to give a specific number of how many social-norms there are. Social-norms are guidelines humans follow in certain social-groups or cultures. Social norms influence public and private sanctions. For example, what kind of music one listens to or what kindShow MoreRelatedAmerican Culture And Morals Of Its Citizens Essay785 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesbuilt on individualists, but as a society today this nation is conformists. Everyone follows trends with songs, dances, appearance, clothes, make-up, and etc. People feel the need to fit in as a society as appose to being an individualist. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t stand out because they donÃ¢â¬â¢t want people bullying then nor making fun of them. People today do not like to be looked at nor treated as individualists they want to be hip and cool and fit in with everyone else around them. People donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a mind ofRead MoreDiscovering The True Colors By Harper Lee1344 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbeneath the surface of a calm, clear pool. It is the cause of an invisible line, a separation, between people. Often that line is unreal, created in the minds of people, but requires conformity and rejects individuals. Prejudice is explored in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, a captivating novel that revolves around the experiences of two children, Jem and Scout, who witness prejudice and hatred in an unfair conviction of a black man, but also morality and courage through their father and otherRead MoreKohlberg s Theory Of Moral Development1450 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbehavior driven by self-interest and rewards. Level 2- Conventional morality two stageies are 1- interpersonal: behavior driven by social approval, 2- Authority: beha vior driven by obeying authority: behavior driven by obeying authority and conforming to social order. Level 3- Post Conventional morality last two stageies is 1- Social Contract: behavior driven by balance of social order and individual rights, 2-universal ethics: behavior driven by internal moral principles ( www.mentalhelp.net ).Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å" CarolRead MoreEssay about Deviance and Organized Crime1454 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDeviance is a violation of social norms, behavioral codes or prescriptions, which guide people into actions and self-presentations conforming to social acceptability. There are many forms of deviance. Among the many forms of deviance, organized crime stands out in many aspects of society. Organized crime has been around for many years in America and for centuries in Europe. It is distinguished by its durability over time, expansive interests, hierarchical structure, buildup of profit, investmentRead MoreThe World s Strongest Military Power1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesclassism and social inequality). The 1950s in the United States are commonly described as socially conservative and extremely materialistic. The conflicts stemming from the Cold War helped create a state of political conservatism in the country. Conformity was familiar and a sense of uniformity permeated American society. Many fam ilies enjoyed the long period of material abundance, others dealt with many internal issues regarding status and striving for evidence of superior status. In any society that hasRead MoreAnalysis Of Ralph Waldo Emerson And Henry David Thoreau1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNatures Second Face In the early mid-nineteenth century, a philosophical movement known as transcendentalism took root and flourished in America. It evolved into a predominantly literary expression which placed an emphasis on the corruptions of organized religion, political parties, and societal involvement; above all, the movement promoted the wonders of Ã¢â¬Å"natureÃ¢â¬ and its deep connection to the divine. The adherents through transcendentalism believed that knowledge could be arrived through intuitionRead MoreHealth And Social Policy : An Overarching Policy Objective1480 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages 2139283B Health and Social Policy in Contemporary Context (Level Three) MA Health and Social Policy 2015 Karen Wright 3000 words In what ways are communitarian frameworks such as social capital useful for understanding and addressing social problems? Critically assess its suitability as an overarching policy objective. This essay aims to critically analyse the use of social capital as a policy objective in relation to tackling re-offending criminalRead More Reflection of Cannibalistic Societies through Diary of a Madman And the Correlation to Todays Society1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The meager image depicted by Lu Xuns Diary of a Madman projects an illustration of society that stresses submission to authority, and the ultimate compliance to tradition. Lu Xun battles the idea that society is constantly being manipulated and controlled by the masses of people who know no better than to follow tradition. His story Diary of a Madman gives the representation of a culture that has not only failed, but failed by the cannibalistic nature of humans corrupting them-selves overRead MoreThe Psychological Effects Of Social Stratification2806 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesEnglish novelist J.G. Ballard portrays dystopian societies through spaces of perfection both literally and figuratively in High-Rise (1975) and M illennium People (2003). Ballard focuses on the psychological effects of social developments, typically within dystopian communities, and how they relate closely to social stratification. In spite of the novels taking place nearly thirty years apart, they share a common theme of social stratification. Whether social stratification is truly desirable or not isRead MoreThree Themes in the Stranger by Albert Camus Essay1447 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesArabs. Indeed, these issues of race and colonialism pervade the events of MeursaultÃ¢â¬â¢s life and help lead to its eventual downfall. Camus also plays with the idea of free will by contrasting MeursaultÃ¢â¬â¢s apparent indifference to the world around him and the social morality to which that world is bound. The notion of absurdity is an ongoing theme throughout the novel and is manifested in MeursaultÃ¢â¬â¢s unusual psychology of emotional indifference and his condemnation for it later by the courts
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The higher the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s position in a company, the higher the tendency for that individual to carry out a profitable deviant act because of easier access to the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s resources. Thus managers, law enforcers form a much higher position level or businessesÃ¢â¬â¢ owners can be expected to break the rules and the constitutional law. Ã¢â¬Å"In the United States today, police power is an awaking leviathanÃ¢â¬ (Caldero Crank, 2010). Every job in its very nature, especially in the criminal justice field, involves a slippery slope or the potential for gradual deterioration of social-moral inhibitions and perceived sense of permissibility for deviant conduct. Corruption and official deviance are both very complex phenomenona and have been in existence for a very long time. Although many aspects of policing have gradually changed over the years, per se, the existence of corruption in policing remained unchanged and very prevalent. A combination of high position, status, and prestige; hence, provide the greatest opportunity for deviant activities, which in turn may turn a deviant motivation into a deviant action. Corruption and Official Deviance in Policing The often sordid world of corruption, the dark side of policing, has been in existence for a very long time. Although many police are conformed to the highest ethical standards, however, the preferred, benign image of these individuals remain a structural cause of problem behavior in policing. Universally, police
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Evolution and Future of Diversity Work. Answer: Introduction Culture describes the shared beliefs, traditions, history, customs, folklore as well as institutions of a cohort of individuals. Culture is thus shared by individuals of similar language, ethnicity, religion, or language. It describes a system of rules that remain the foundation upon which people are and influence how people express themselves as a component of a cohort and as individuals. People develop in certain kind of culture (Gelfand et al. 2017). Peoples environment dictates what they learn, how they learn it, along the particular rules they adopt to live with others. Such rules are transmitted from a generation to the next and often embraced to the locale and times (Dalglish and Miller 2016). The organizations have a culture of procedures, policies, process and programs, and integrate particular beliefs, values, customs and assumptions. Organizational cultures principally echo mainstream culture in organizations sense of time orientations, perceptions as well as time usage. An organizational culture might never lend itself to cultural competence, and hence this is where building of skills emerges (Dalglish and Miller 2016). A culturally competent organization combines knowledge relating to diverse cohorts of persons-and transforms such knowledge into policies, practices and standards that ensure everything works. Nature of Cultural Diversity Culture diversity revolves around differences in the members of an organizations composition based on nationality, colour, race, creed, age, religion and gender. Simply put, it is a range of culture found among the individuals from diverse backgrounds. The organizational behaviour describes the nature of interactions among the individuals and cohorts within the organization (Dalglish and Miller 2016). The positive impact of cultural diversity enhances organizational members to build relationships and acknowledge one another irrespective of their diversities of background and origin. An organization has a widespread array of individuals with differences culturally and personally (Hajro, Gibson and Pudelko 2017). Organizations that endeavour to establish cultural diversity among its staff must establish mutual respect for the diverse culture, besides enabling personnel to hit their overflowing potential (Dalglish and Miller 2016). Recognizing diverse cultures allow the organization to positively impact the organizational behaviour that subsequently facilitate the organizational performance alongside image. Business must show organizational cultural diversity aspect in mission statement. The trend of organizational behaviour are influenced by the nature of interaction alongside the extent of diversity within the organization (Parke and Seo 2017). The business endeavour to establish organizational culture that not only facilitate diversity of its staff composition but further enhances individual performance. The positive influence of cultural diversity not only allow the organization to boost scope but the business further receives desirable exposure from each sector of the population because if organizational multicultural approach (Dalglish and Miller 2016). The cultural diversity is thus geared towards having an in-depth respect alongside comprehending the diverse individuals in the organization. Having feedback, team-building activities, teamwork alongside interpersonal communication strengthens cultural diversity. Individuals can interact and appreciate one anothers culture in the course of these engagements thereby within the organization, both accommodating and organizational behaviour is created. Organization always adjust programs for positive influence to suit the dynamic nature of interactions among individuals. Organizations create regular fora alongside educational programs whereby participants get trainings to be sensitive as well as appreciate cultural diversity alongside in maintaining favourable organizational behaviour. Organizational also post on regular basis motivational quotes alongside messages of cultural diversity on the boards of public bulletins (Stahl, G.K., Miska, Lee and De Luque 2017). Organizations also create programs which internalize cultural diversity into the behaviour of the organization. An organization, therefore, has various types of diversity. All types of diversity can be observed in an organization. Nevertheless, certain diversity a huge impact on the organization than others due to their historical importance. Such types of diversity remain closely linked with inequality and injustice whereby not each individual or cohort has been equality treated due to the diversities (Dalglish and Miller 2016). The diversities in organization include marginalized or socially excluded cohorts, nationality, ethnicity, native language, race, gender, social class, sexual orientation, spiritual practice and beliefs, physical and mental ability. Additionally, diversities that need consideration but appear less salient entail age, educational status, family status, health status, style, skills and talents customs, ideas, military experiences, ownership of property, occupational status, socioeconomic status, and national, regional and other geographical areas (Dalglish and Miller 2016). Developing a Multicultural Organisation The multicultural organization is created by having a culturally competent organizations. Some of the indicators of cultural competences can be highlighted. The recognition of power and influence of culture and actively removing prejudice in practices and policies are strong indicators. Also, understanding how individuals background influence people responses to others and failure to assume that each member of cultural cohort share the similar beliefs and practise are essential indicators (Dalglish and Miller 2016). Further, acknowledging how previous experiences influence current interactions and evaluating cultural competence of organization on regular basis are further key indicators. Willing to share power among the organizational leaders of diverse cultural backgrounds and allocation of resources for leadership as well as workforce development in cultural awareness programs are also central indicators. Further, building on strengths as well as resources of every culture in the organization is a manifestation of cultural competence in organization (Kundu and Mor 2017). Diversities in culture can either hurt or assist the manner in which organization functions. Establishing multicultural organization makes people deal with diversities as well as utilize them in strengthening their efforts (Khlmann and Heinz 2017). A plan for action is required to reach such goals. The cultural competence must be a top-down mandate of the organization with effective support from the top. Everyone must buy in aided by a committee that represents every level in the organization (Dalglish and Miller 2016). This committee has to create and facilitate particular actions. People at each level of organization must be engaged to allow more people to be influenced thereby becoming culturally competent. Steps: The organization has to develop support for change in the entire organization for those who want or those who do not want change The organization must recognize the cultural cohorts to be engaged including those who needs to be engaged in planning, implementation, alongside change reinforcement The organization must the acknowledge barriers to working with the organization including what is presently not working, what shall cease organization and those that will slow down the organization The organization must undertake the assessment of its present level of cultural competence including what skills, knowledge, alongside resources the organization can build on and where the disparities are Acknowledge the resources required including how much funding is needed to bring about the desired change and where the organization can find the resources The organization has to commit develop goals as well as implementation steps alongside deadlines for accomplishing them including what each one can do, when it can done and how it will be done The organization should as well commit to the ongoing progress evaluations including measuring the results as well as be willing to respond to the desired change including what the progress along with success look like, and signs that shall showcase right track (Cunningham 2017). Recommendation The following steps will ensure that organization build effective multicultural organization: Form committee (Cultural Competence Committee) Writing a mission statement Finding out what have been done by similar organization and partnership developments Using free resources Undertaking a detailed cultural competence organizational assessment Finding out the particular cultural cohorts existing in the community served and whether they have accessibility to community services Having a brown bag lunch to have staff engaged in deliberations alongside activities regarding cultural competence Asking the organizational personnel relating to their staff development requirements Assigning portion of the budget to workforce development programming in cultural competence Include cultural competence needs in description of job Being sure that location of organizational facility is accessible alongside respectful difference Collecting resource material on the cultural diverse cohorts for the workforce to use Building a network of natural community informants, helpers as well as experts References Cunningham, G., 2017. Diversity and inclusion in sport organizations. Routledge. Dalglish, C. and Miller, P. 2016. Leadership: Modernising our perspective, 2nd ed., Tilde Publishing, Prahran, Vic., Chapter 7. Gelfand, M.J., Aycan, Z., Erez, M. and Leung, K., 2017. Cross-cultural industrial organizational psychology and organizational behavior: A hundred-year journey. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(3), p.514. Hajro, A., Gibson, C.B. and Pudelko, M., 2017. Knowledge exchange processes in multicultural teams: Linking organizational diversity climates to teams effectiveness. Academy of Management Journal, 60(1), pp.345-372. Khlmann, T.M. and Heinz, R., 2017. Managing Cultural Diversity in Small and Medium-Sized Organizations: A Guideline for Practitioners. Springer. Kundu, S.C. and Mor, A., 2017. Workforce diversity and organizational performance: a study of IT industry in India. Employee Relations: The International Journal, 39(2). Parke, M.R. and Seo, M.G., 2017. The role of affect climate in organizational effectiveness. Academy of Management Review, 42(2), pp.334-360. Roberson, Q., Ryan, A.M. and Ragins, B.R., 2017. The evolution and future of diversity at work. Stahl, G.K., Miska, C., Lee, H.J. and De Luque, M.S., 2017. The upside of cultural differences: Towards a more balanced treatment of culture in cross-cultural management research. Cross Cultural Strategic Management, 24(1).
Monday, April 13, 2020
Biased Language Definition and Examples The term biased language refers toÃ wordsÃ andÃ phrasesÃ that are considered prejudiced, offensive, and hurtful. Biased language includes expressions that demean or exclude people because of age, sex, race, ethnicity, social class, or physical or mental traits.Ã Bias in language refers to language that is uneven or unbalanced or not a fair representation, says the University of Massachusetts Lowell, adding that you should strive to avoid bias in writing and speaking because such language may contain Ã¢â¬Å"hidden messagesÃ¢â¬ about the superiority or inferiority of various groups or types of people. Examples of Biased Language BiasÃ is prejudice toward or unfair characterization of the members of a particular group, says Stacie Heaps writing onÃ WriteExpress: Bias is so common in speech and writing that we often are not even aware of it. But it is the responsibility of everyone to become conscious of and write without bias. Heaps gives several examples of bias together with alternative (and unbiased) phrasing: Biased Language Alternatives If he is elected, he would be the first person of color in the White House. lf he is elected, he would be the first African-American in the White House. He has had the physical handicap since he was 5 years old. He has had the physical impairment since he was 5 years old. There are many elderly people in our town. There are many senior citizens (or seniors) in our town. Be sensitive to the feelings of the opposite sex, minorities, and special interest groups saysÃ Cengage: Dont emphasize differences by separating society into we andÃ they by singling out minorities, particular genders, or groups of people such as those with disabilities and senior citizens. How to Avoid Bias in Your Writing Purdue OWLÃ provides some examples of biased language with alternatives you could use to avoid gender bias: Biased Writing Alternatives mankind humanity, people, human beings manÃ¢â¬â¢s achievements human achievements manmade synthetic, manufactured, machine-made the common man the average person, ordinary people man the stockroom staff the stockroom nine manhours nine staff-hours You have to be on guard against bias because it can so easily creep into your writing or speaking, but Cengage says its easy to avoid, as in this example: Before a surgeon can operate,Ã heÃ must know every relevant detail or the patients history. Remove the bias with just a simple adjustment: Before operating,Ã aÃ surgeonÃ must know every relevant detail of the patients history. You can just as easily avoid bias in race. Dont say: Attending the meetings were three doctors and an Asian computer programmer. In the example, AsianÃ is preferred toÃ Oriental, but why even single out this persons ethnicity? The sentence did not specify the ethnicity of the doctors, who were presumably Caucasian. Examples and Observations Be on guard for these types of bias in writing and speaking: Age:Ã Avoid derogatory or condescending terms associated with age. Little old lady can be rephrased as aÃ woman in her 80s, while an immature adolescent is better described as a teenager or teen.Politics:Ã In any election campaign, words referring to politics are full of connotations. Consider, for instance, how the word liberal has been used with positive or negative connotations in various election campaigns. Take care with words and phrases like radical, left-wing, and right-wing. Consider how your readers are expected to interpret these biased words.Religion:Ã Some older encyclopedia editions referred to devout Catholics and fanatical Muslims. Newer editions refer to both Catholics and Muslims as devout, thus eliminating biased language.Ã Health and abilities:Ã Avoid phrases like confined to a wheelchair and victim (of a disease), so as not to focus on differences and disability. Instead, write or say someone who uses a wheelchair and a person withÃ (a disease). Biased language can defeat your purpose by damaging your credibility, say GeraldÃ J. Alred, Charles T. Brusaw, and Walter E. Oliu in their Handbook of Technical Writing. They add: The easiest way to avoid bias is simply not to mention differences among people unless the differences are relevant to the discussion. Keep current with accepted usage and, if you are unsure of the appropriateness of the expression or the tone of a passage, have several colleagues review the material and give you their assessments. As you write and speak, remember that biased language insults the person or group to which it is applied, sayÃ Robert DiYanni and Pat C. Hoy II in their book, The Scribner Handbook for Writers. When you use biased language- even inadvertently- you denigrate others, creating division and separation, they say. So, strive to use unbiased language, and you will show that as a speaker or writer, you are including all potential members of your audience without segregating and referring pejoratively to a select few.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Acculturation, Pluralism and Cross-Cultural Awareness in the Classroom Essays Acculturation, Pluralism and Cross-Cultural Awareness in the Classroom Essay Acculturation, Pluralism and Cross-Cultural Awareness in the Classroom Essay Acculturation, Pluralism and Cross-Cultural Awareness in the Classroom First, acculturation is the process of adopting the dominant groupÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural patterns; some groups prefer to keep, or maintain the original culture. Consequently that group will not have become highly cultured to American culture. Second, Pluralism ideology believes that they should keep their identity and culture. Such ideas have advantages and disadvantages, because most of the case the dominant groups are not willing to share powers, and Third, cross-cultural awareness in the classroom is critical for nation that is form by diversity groups. The main purpose of this search is to evaluate he advantages and the disadvantages of acculturation, pluralism and cross-cultural awareness in the classroom from different perspectives. The supporters the acculturation usually are the groups from the first generation of immigrants. They keep their identity and cultures. One of the issues of this group is that they never become fully form part of the main stream society. By definition acculturation Ã¢â¬Å"refers to changes to that take place as a result of continuous firsthand contact between individuals of different cultures. Such contact not only produces changes in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude, values, and behavior, but may also significantly affect their cultural identity. Ã¢â¬Å"It is important to note that acculturation is determined, in part by the individuals or family; that us, they can decide how much they want to dress, speak, and behave like members of the dominant group. According to Rambaut and Portes (2001) Ã¢â¬Å"There are three acculturation patterns among immigrants: consonant, dissonant, and selective. Example of consonant acculturation, parent and children learn the language and culture of the community in which they live. In dissonant acculturation, children learn English and the new culture while parents retain their native language and culture, often leading to conflict within the family and decreasing parenting authority, and fluent bilingualism in the second generation is an outcome of selective acculturation in which the children of immigrants learn the dominant culture and language, but retain significant elements of their native culture. Ã¢â¬ Donna M. Gollnick, Philip C. Chinn (2006) Multicultural Education in a Pluralistic Society Pg. 29 Newcomers, for example, may have come from relatively homogeneous countries such as Japan, where cultural identity is rarely challenged, and may have had no experiences with the new host culture. Ã¢â¬ Kenneth Cushner Averil McClelland (2006) Human Diversity In Education Pag. 115. People also differ in the degree to which they wish to retain or are willing to change their cultural identity. Second, pluralism ideology Ã¢â¬Å"allows two or more distinct groups to function separately and equally without requiring any assimilation of one into the otherÃ¢â¬ Donna M. Gollnick , Philip. Chinn (2006 Multicultural Education in a Pluralistic Society) It is the point of view of conservative. Pluralism recognized many ethnic and/or religious groups that could coexist. It has advantage and disadvantages. There are not equitably between the dominant group and the groups who identify themselves with the pluralism. For the two groups to function, it will be necessary that power and resources be shared across those groups. Through the long of the history of this nation those power and resources have been controlled by the dominant group. They will be not very willingly share power and Wealth with others. To attain social and economic mobility, minorities are requiring functioning in the dominant culture rules. For example Ã¢â¬Å"some critics of the system believe that the dominant group uses a strategy of divide and conquer to keep ethnic groups segregated and fighting among themselves for the few resources available Ã¢â¬Å"Donna M. Gollnick, Philip C. Chinn (2006 Multicultural Education in a Pluralistic Society Pg. 32) Other believes in the integration of cultural group and promotion of more equality across groups. It is good intention of those groups, but the reality is totally different. The ideology of the dominant group is why we have to share power and resources if we were the first to establish this nation. This position is not directly open, but it subjective by the attitude that the dominant group have toward minority group. We had experienced the feeling of living in a culture where small groups want to dom inate by force, and elite groups have control over power and the few resources. The advantages of the pluralism call for free choice for individuals as well as groups. The practice of cultural choices allows individuals the right to choose statuses such as gender, ethnicity, and age in determining who they are. Even though, of this supposedly advantages in the United States neither assimilation nor pluralism adequately addresses the diversity that exists. The school should also help all students to develop ethnic literacy, since most American are very ignorant about cultures in the United States others than their own. As educators have to close this gap and teach the students to have more understanding of other different. Third, Cushers and Brislin stated Ã¢â¬Å"that for years researchers from cross- culture psychology have searched for methods that could be used to analyze, understand, improve intercultural interaction. Ã¢â¬ Knneth Cushner, (2009) Human Diversity in Education Pg. 119. As many analytics suggest, that cross-culture have to be with the recognition that people have similar reactions to their cross-cultural encounters regardless of the setting or the person their own cultural background. I believe that everybody have the same feeling when we have to encounter with unfamiliar situation, or new culture. It is just in the universal approach, but in the school setting Cross-Cultural Awareness have a specific meaning; that we must have to think about if we want to become an efficient educator. We have to become as model for students. Students can learn to understand and appreciate culture groups if the adults and teachers set the right attitude about differences. Another example is many educators are in disadvantage, because they do not live, or have never lived, in the community in which their students live. In my understanding it is not a valid excuse. When we take a teaching position in an area that we are not familiar with; we have to do our researcher about that particular neighborhood. There are various resources useful to acquire knowledge about our diversity in the classroom. For example,Ã¢â¬ we can learn about the perspective of others by reading articles and books written by men women from different ethnics, racial, social-economic, and religious groups. Ã¢â¬ Donna, M. Gollinick (2006 education that is multicultural) I think that we as educators, we have to open the windows for more understanding between different cultures that take place in the classroom. It is very important that we are familiar with our students demographic, and social economic backgrounds. Create curriculum having in mind all diversity present in the classroom. Cross-culture awareness is a priority not a choice. It is not only for an individual who wants to become an educator. It is something that helpful in the kind of world that we live. Many people have to leave the country for different motives. When we are willing to accept other and understand others cultures it make our life my easy in unfamiliar environment. Finally, as teachers we need to have understanding of diversity and culture differences. I think that it is easy for educators to say that she /he does not see colors, or ethnic in the classroom. It is just because the person wants to denial cultural differences. These teachers do not share experience with the community where their students lives. It is normal that some people want to maintain they own norms and values. Since other prefer the acculturation because they see more opportunities of with the world of the dominant group. The reality is that if an individual does not want to interact with the others ethnic groups then these persons become insolate. A teacher with understand of the real reality of this nation will celebrate culture differences. I believe that each student I unique entity with her/his talents and difficulty. References If you need to type anything after the reference list then start it on this page
Monday, February 24, 2020
Post Cold War Africa Inter State Conflict - Research Paper Example The African continent has witnessed great disparities between the rich and the poor. Unemployment and social insecurities make it easy for any powerful individual to breed hatred and start intrastate wars. Despite this, there has been a progressive global decline in political violence since the end of the cold war probably due to the increased emphasis on peacekeeping and peace building activities3. Africa is a potentially volatile continent with a couple of unstable governments. The Berlin conference opened up the continent for division amongst major western powers who created artificial boundaries without considering the existent traditional modes of government. To consolidate their power, the colonialists destroyed the cultural and traditional symbols of power, but the large expanse of the African continent became ungovernable because of limited human and capital resources4. The divide and rule policy employed to control Africans sowed seeds of bitterness and discontent, which con tinue to cause major intrastate conflicts. Despite imposing the western culture and way of life on Africans, western colonialists did not empower Africans with the right quality of education, culture, and economic infrastructure for effective governance and stability5. After independence, most African countries lacked effective systems of governance, economic independence, and were left without direction. Africans lacked self-direction because they had been equipped with useless skills. They could not rebuild the traditional power structures nor institute economic and social development essential for stability. Artificial boundaries crammed diverse ethnic people with different traditional values, practices, and cultures together. The social strife experiences and lack of national economic opportunities deprived majority of Africans the bond of nationalism present in developed countries of the world6. A glaring example is countries colonized by the British who have failed to develop strong national identities, cultural integrity, and social cohesion essential for national stability and progress7. Majority of the African leaders who ascended to power after Africa got independence were unequipped and unsuitable for leadership. This has continued to date with majority of them being overly ambitious and corrupt. The absence of effective independent social and political institutions of governance has made political leaders too powerful, often exploiting their authority to amass assets for their own financial gain. Because of their past crimes, these leaders go to great lengths to remain in power at the expense of their people. In the past, they used single party leadership oppressing many citizens. Corrupt and inefficient regimes contributed to development of intrastate wars with many unnecessary deaths, pain, and suffering8. After independence, most African states created strong state police departments and military forces. Corrupt leaders and regimes illegally use these forces to consolidate their power through ruthless crackdown of any opposition9. Sustained oppression, lack of civil freedoms, and poor economic growth lead to instability due to gross violations of basic human rights10. Many African state police and military police do not uphold basic human rights for their people